A brief History of a Turbocharger
Life began in 1885, when a German inventor called Gottlieb Daimler discovered and patented a way of using a gear driven pump that pushes air into an internal combustion engine.
It took another 20 years before a swiss engineer Alfred Buchi, the head of a diesel engine research company in Winterhur, when he patent the use of a compressor driven exhaust gasses to force air into an internal combustion engine to increase power output .
In the First World War a French engineer fitted the turbocharger to Renault engines which powered French fighter planes, and then in 1918 a general electric engineer fitted a turbo to a v12 Liberty aircraft engine.
The engine was demonstrated in Colorado, the results shown that the turbo can eliminate power loss at high altitudes.
Originally all forced induction devices were known as superchargers, nowadays “supercharger” usually refer to a belt driven turbo.
Turbochargers were first used in production aircraft engines, ships and trains in the 1920s.
It wasn’t till 1962 before the first turbocharged production car arrived on the scene when general motors, were they used a turbo jet fire engine in the oldsmobile Jetfire and later the turbocharger was modified and used in the Chevrolet Corvair Monza Spyder a month later, the vehicle was released with a Garrett Airesearch turbocharger, a vacuum actuator was used to increase the power and compared to the natural aspirated engine (non turbo) was significant, but the reliability of these engines was poor and production was stopped in 1963.
There wasn’t another mass produced vehicle until 1973 when BMW launched the 2002 Turbo at the Frankfurt motor show this was short lived and due to safety over the excessive turbo lag and the oil crisis, it was discontinued in 1974.
In 1974 when the oil crisis was at its peak Porsche released the 911 and still today it has stood the test of time becoming one of the classics.
In 1977 Saab released the Saab 99 with turbo charger.
From 1978 onwards most manufacturers have released turbocharged Cars.